Management Review ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (8): 66-77,138.

• Economic and Financial Management • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Influence Mechanism of Environmental Regulation on Enterprise Profitability: Evidence from Sugar Firms in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China

Ge Jingfang, Si Wei, Meng Ting   

  1. College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2019-07-09 Online:2021-08-28 Published:2021-09-04

Abstract: To investigate the mechanism of how environmental regulation affects enterprise economic performance in depth, this paper builds a cost-minimization model to explore how firms comply with environmental regulation and its impact on profitability via economic factor allocation and technology innovation. Based on the panel data of sugar firms in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China during 2008-2016, the panel linear model and threshold model are employed for empirical analysis. Results confirm an inverted-N threshold effect (i.e., suppress→promote→suppress) of formal environmental regulation and a suppressing effect of non-formal regulation (i.e., education) on enterprise's profitability when technological innovation exists; while formal environmental regulation has a linear negative effect when there is no technological innovation. Further heterogeneity analyses show that formal regulation has a significant positive effect on larger and non-state owned sugar enterprises. As for non-formal regulation, only the instrument of education promotes the larger enterprise's profitability. This research extends the mechanism discussion of the relationship between environmental regulation and enterprise economic performance, and provides valuable insights on the formulation and the implementation of environmental regulation policies and programs.

Key words: environmental regulation in China, sugar firms' profitability, economic factor allocation, technological innovation, enterprise heterogeneity