Management Review ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 3-14.

• The Wu-li, Shi-li, Ren-li Approach (WSR): An Oriental Systems Methodology •    

A Twenty-five-year Review of WSR Methodology: Origin, Connotation, Comparison and Outlook

Kou Xiaodong1, Gu Jifa2   

  1. 1. School of Humanities, Economics and Law, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710129;
    2. Academy of Mathematics and Systems Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
  • Received:2019-07-01 Published:2021-06-03

Abstract: Since Wuli-Shili-Renli Systems Methodology (WSR) is to meet its 25-year birthday, the authors give a review of it from four aspects. Firstly, on origin of WSR, a new illumination of its starting point and evolution is put forward from three perspectives, i.e., difference and commonness, mainstream and anabranch, east and west. Secondly, on connotation of WSR, a comparatively complete analysis of its implication is offered from two phases, including primary phase and high-level phase. Thirdly, on comparison of WSR, methodologies such as TOP, CmCvAwAs, three order cybernetics and Shinayakana are compared to WSR to discover their similarities and commonness. Finally, on outlook of WSR, challenges and opportunities faced by it and key points of its future development are all suggested.

Key words: WSR Methodology, twenty-five-year review, development outlook