管理评论 ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 249-258.

• 平台经济与价值创造 • 上一篇    

平台与互补商协同创新的制度逻辑及其作用机制

唐方成, 王冉冉   

  1. 北京化工大学经济管理学院, 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-14 发布日期:2022-01-12
  • 作者简介:唐方成,北京化工大学经济管理学院院长,教授,博士生导师,博士;王冉冉,北京化工大学经济管理学院硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(72072008);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(buctrc201804);北京化工大学一流学科建设专项资金项目(XK1802-5)。

Institutional Logic and Mechanism of Collaborative Innovation between Platform and Complementor

Tang Fangcheng, Wang Ranran   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029
  • Received:2020-06-14 Published:2022-01-12

摘要: 平台与互补商的协同专业化对于创新生态系统的构建具有重要作用。然而,平台企业与互补商可能各自具有冲突的或互补的制度逻辑,它们彼此要实现协同创新的目标,就必然在达成协作共识的过程中形成主导型制度逻辑,进而规范双方的创新活动与行为。但是,这种主导型制度逻辑如何产生?它们的作用机制是什么?过去的研究还很少涉及这类问题。本文通过OPPO的案例研究,结果表明:(1)平台与一般互补商合作时,平台的谈判能力相对较强,平台的制度逻辑占据主导地位|(2)平台对瓶颈互补商具有较强的依赖时,互补商拥有较强的谈判能力,平台在两者的合作中会选择妥协,此时互补商的制度逻辑占主导地位|(3)平台与瓶颈互补商的关系是双向依赖时,两方合作形成的制度逻辑是混合逻辑|(4)面对强大的外部制度压力时,平台与互补商的合作会形成或遵循新的制度逻辑。

关键词: 平台, 创新生态系统, 互补商, 制度逻辑

Abstract: The co-specialization of platforms and complementors plays an important role in the construction of the innovation ecosystem. However, platform enterprises and complementors may have conflicting or complementary institutional logic respectively. If they want to achieve the goal of collaborative innovation, they will inevitably form a dominant institutional logic in the process of reaching a collaborative consensus, and then regulate the innovation activities and behaviors of both parties. But how does this dominant institutional logic emerge? What are their mechanisms? Past studies have rarely referred to such issues. Through the case study of OPPO, the results show that:(1) when the platform cooperates with general component suppliers, the bargain power of platform is stronger, and the institutional logic of platform occupies a dominant position; (2) when the platform is dependent much on the bottleneck component supplier, the bargaining power of complementor is stronger, and the platform has to compromise in the cooperation between the two parties. At this time, the institutional logic of complementor dominates; (3) when the relationship between the platform and the bottleneck component supplier is bidirectional dependence, the institutional logic formed by the two parties' cooperation is hybrid logic; (4) in the face of strong external institutional pressure, the cooperation between the platform and complementors will form or follow the new institutional logic.

Key words: platform, innovation ecosystem, complementor, institutional logic