管理评论 ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 3-12.

• 专论 •    

工商管理学科领域“面向世界科学前沿问题”的凝炼机制探索

徐心1, 林伟鹏2, 吴刚3   

  1. 1. 清华大学经济管理学院, 北京 100084;
    2. 山东大学管理学院, 济南 250100;
    3. 国家自然科学基金委员会, 北京 100085
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2022-01-12
  • 通讯作者: 徐心(通讯作者),清华大学经济管理学院教授,博士生导师,博士。
  • 作者简介:林伟鹏,山东大学管理学院教授,博士生导师,博士;吴刚,国家自然科学基金委员会管理科学部处长,研究员,博士。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金专项项目(71940003)。

Exploring the Formation Mechanism of “Scientific Questions Targeting Global Science Frontiers” in Business Administration

Xu Xin1, Lin Weipeng2, Wu Gang3   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084;
    2. School of Management, Shandong University, Jinan 250100;
    3. National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085
  • Received:2020-09-25 Published:2022-01-12

摘要: 科技创新是促进国家发展的动力。要实现科技创新推动国家发展的战略目标,学术研究需要面向世界科学前沿,挑战前沿的科学难题,做出原创成果,实现创新引领。企业是国家实施创新驱动发展战略的主体。工商管理作为研究企业管理的学科,解决好本学科领域“面向世界科学前沿”的研究问题,有助于为我国企业创新提供理论指导,服务国家发展战略。然而,工商管理学科领域如何凝炼“面向世界科学前沿问题”是管理学者和管理实践者长期以来关注但未被解答的问题。本文旨在探索工商管理学科领域“面向世界科学前沿问题”的凝炼机制。借鉴工商管理学科领域59位资深专家的意见,探讨了“面向世界科学前沿问题”的内涵、选题要求、形成方法,并尝试整合出一套具有可操作性的凝炼方案。此外,本文阐述了“并联式”和“串联式”两种具体科学问题提出模式,以期为科研工作者提供一个能够形成聚焦的、对中国管理实践有帮助的、面向世界科学前沿的研究问题的方案。

关键词: 工商管理学科, 面向世界科学前沿问题, 凝炼机制

Abstract: Scientific and technological innovation is a key driving force behind China's development. To achieve the strategic goals of science and technology innovation and national development, domestic academic research needs to target global science frontiers, solve frontier scientific problems and make original achievements, thus helping China become a global leader in innovation. Enterprises are the main body to implement a country's innovation-driven development strategy. Identifying and solving "scientific questions targeting global science frontiers" in the area of business administration will provide theoretical guidance for enterprise innovation in China and thus serve the developmental strategy of China. However, it is still unclear how to identify "scientific questions targeting global science frontiers" in the field of business administration. The purpose of this paper is to explore the formation mechanism of "scientific questions targeting global science frontiers" in the field of business administration. Based on insights from 59 senior experts in the field of business administration, this paper explores the nature of, selection requirements for, and formation methods for "scientific questions targeting global science frontiers". We also develop an integrative and comprehensive formation mechanism, providing an actionable scheme regarding how to identify "scientific questions targeting global science frontiers" in the area of business administration. Moreover, we discuss two modes of identifying research questions, namely "parallel mode" and "serial mode", in order to provide researchers with a framework that can lead to the formation of focused research questions, facilitate China's management practice and target the frontiers of global science.

Key words: business administration, scientific questions targeting global science frontiers, formation mechanism