管理评论 ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (7): 227-236.

• 组织行为与人力资源管理 • 上一篇    

主管工作之余的经历对其辱虐管理的影响研究

邬文兵1, 邓慧1, 武文1, 倪丹2, 张熠华3   

  1. 1. 北京交通大学经济管理学院, 北京 100044;
    2. 清华大学经济管理学院, 北京 100084;
    3. 佩珀代因大学教育与心理研究生院, 洛杉矶 90045
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-21 发布日期:2021-08-02
  • 通讯作者: 武文(通讯作者),北京交通大学经济管理学院副教授,博士
  • 作者简介:邬文兵,北京交通大学经济管理学院教授,博士生导师, 博士;邓慧,北京交通大学经济管理学院博士研究生;倪丹,清华大学经济管理学院博士研究生;张熠华,佩珀代因大学教育与心理研究生院博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2019YJS066);北京交通大学科技基金项目(2018JBWZB003);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(20YJC630162)。

Mechanism of Supervisors' Off-job Experience on Abusive Supervision

Wu Wenbing1, Deng Hui1, Wu Wen1, Ni Dan2, Zhang Yihua3   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044;
    2. School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084;
    3. Graduate School of Education and Psychology, Pepperdine University, Los Angeles 90045
  • Received:2020-07-21 Published:2021-08-02

摘要: 现有研究主要探讨了主管的辱虐管理如何影响员工工作表现,而对这一行为的前因探索不足,少有研究关注主管在工作场所之外领域的经历对其辱虐管理的影响。基于自我损耗理论,本研究以118名主管和669名员工为研究对象,旨在探索主管工作之余的经历对其辱虐管理的影响机制以及情绪调节在其中发挥的调节作用。研究结果显示:(1)主管工作之余的困扰型经历正向影响其自我损耗,工作之余的放松型经历负向影响其自我损耗;(2)主管的自我损耗在工作之余的困扰型经历和辱虐管理之间的关系、工作之余的放松型经历和辱虐管理之间的关系中发挥中介作用;(3)主管的情绪调节不仅会弱化工作之余的困扰型经历对自我损耗的正向影响,还会削弱工作之余的困扰型经历通过自我损耗对辱虐管理产生的间接影响;(4)主管的情绪调节不仅会弱化工作之余的放松型经历对自我损耗的负向影响,还会削弱工作之余的放松型经历对辱虐管理产生的间接影响。

关键词: 主管工作之余的困扰型经历, 主管工作之余的放松型经历, 自我损耗, 辱虐管理, 情绪调节

Abstract: Most researches have focused on how abusive supervision can affect their employees' work behaviors rather than on antecedents of abusive supervision. Few studies have examined the impact of supervisors' experience in areas outside the workplace on abusive supervision. Based on the basic framework of ego depletion theory, this study aims to examine the influencing mechanism of supervisors' off-job experience on abusive supervision and the moderation mechanism of supervisor regulation of emotion. We match 118 supervisors and 669 employees as empirical samples to test the hypothesized model. The results indicate that:(1) supervisor off-job hassles are positively related to ego depletion and supervisor off-job relaxation is negatively related to ego depletion; (2) ego depletion mediates the relationship between off-job hassles and abusive supervision and the relationship between off-job relaxation and abusive supervision; (3) regulation of emotion not only negatively moderates the relationship between off-job hassles and abusive supervision, but also negatively moderates the indirect effect of the relationship between off-job hassles and abusive supervision; (4) regulation of emotion not only negatively moderates the relationship between off-job relaxation and abusive supervision, but also negatively moderates the indirect effect of the relationship between off-job relaxation and abusive supervision.

Key words: supervisor off-job hassles, supervisor off-job relaxation, ego depletion, abusive supervision, regulation of emotion