管理评论 ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 120-132.

• 技术与创新管理 • 上一篇    

创新生态系统战略对创业绩效的促进——基于中科院技术衍生企业的实证研究

丁雪辰1, 柳卸林2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院大学人文学院, 北京 100049;
    2. 中国科学院大学经济与管理学院, 北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-08 发布日期:2021-02-03
  • 通讯作者: 柳卸林(通讯作者),中国科学院大学经济与管理学院教授,博士生导师,博士
  • 作者简介:丁雪辰,中国科学院大学人文学院博士后,博士。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(71932009)。

The Positive Effect of Innovation Ecosystem Strategy on Entrepreneurial Performance——An Empirical Study Based on Technological Spin-offs in CAS

Ding Xuechen1, Liu Xielin2   

  1. 1. School of Humanities, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049;
    2. School of Economics & Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
  • Received:2019-11-08 Published:2021-02-03

摘要: 大学衍生企业的发展是区域经济和科技创新的基础动力。本文通过理论分析和实证检验,探究了中科院研究院所技术衍生企业技术能力和创业绩效的关系以及创新生态系统战略的正向调节作用机制。综合吸收能力理论和创新生态系统视角,以中科院2008—2017年的225家衍生创业企业为研究样本,利用GLS随机效应面板模型进行实证检验。结果表明衍生企业的技术能力对其创业绩效有显著的正向影响,这种正向影响在衍生企业选择嵌入成熟度高和相似性高的创新生态系统时显著增强。研究以科研院所衍生企业视角出发,拓展了衍生创业企业发展的影响因素和创新生态系统相关研究,为衍生企业的组织发展战略选择提供了思路和依据。

关键词: 衍生企业, 技术能力, 创新生态成熟度, 创新生态相似性, 创业绩效

Abstract: The development of university spin-offs is an engine of regional economy and technological innovation. Through theoretical analysis and empirical study, this paper explores the relationship between technological capability and entrepreneurial performance of technological spin-offs and the moderation effect of innovation ecosystem strategy. Combing absorptive capability and innovation ecosystem perspective and taking 225 spin-off start -ups during 2008-2017 from various research institutes of the Chinese Academy of Sciences as samples, the empirical test is carried out using GLS random effects panel regression model. The results show that the technological capability of the spin-offs has significant positive effect on entrepreneurial performance, which is significantly enhanced when spin -off start-ups choose to embed industrial ecosystem with higher level of ecosystem maturity and higher level of ecosystem similarity. From the perspective of emerging economy, this study expands the factors which influence the development of spin-off start-ups, and provides suggestions and basis for the strategic choice of technological spin-offs.

Key words: university spin-offs, technological capability, ecosystem maturity, ecosystem similarity, entrepreneurial performance