管理评论 ›› 2020, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 59-71.

• 经济与金融管理 • 上一篇    

绿色发展视角下中国节能减排效率的影响因素——基于超效率DEA和Tobit模型的实证研究

王艳, 苏怡   

  1. 西安理工大学经济与管理学院, 西安 710054
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-11 发布日期:2020-11-07
  • 通讯作者: 王艳(通讯作者),西安理工大学经济与管理学院副教授,硕士生导师,博士
  • 作者简介:苏怡,西安理工大学经济与管理学院硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究规划项目(19YJA790085);陕西省科技厅软科学研究项目(2019KRM150);陕西省教育厅哲学社会科学重点研究基地项目(20JZ071)。

The Influencing Factors of Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Efficiency in China from the Perspective of Green Development —— An Empirical Study Based on Super-efficiency DEA and Tobit Models

Wang Yan, Su Yi   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an 710054
  • Received:2020-05-11 Published:2020-11-07

摘要: 中国节能减排效率具有显著的区域异质性,准确识别不同区域节能减排效率的影响因素及其程度,是提高我国节能减排效率的重要前提。通过构建绿色发展视角下区域节能减排指标体系,基于超效率DEA和Tobit的研究方法以及我国2008—2018年的省级面板数据,测算了30个省份的节能减排效率,实证研究了绿色发展视角下区域节能减排效率差异的影响因素。结果表明:中国区域节能减排效率存在较大差异,节能减排效率水平表现为东部地区、中部地区和西部地区依次递减,且区域间节能减排效率水平的差异呈收敛趋势,即这种差异在不断缩小;产业结构、对外开放度、人均能源消费在1%水平下显著提高节能减排效率;单独依赖FDI并不能提高中国的节能减排效率,只有在改善产业结构的基础上才能促进节能减排效率提升;市场驱动力下东部地区的产业结构调整能够有效促进节能减排效率;加快西部地区节能减排政策的实施和绿色发展理念的贯彻对于提高我国整体节能减排效率具有重要的意义。

关键词: 节能减排效率, 技术进步, 产业结构, 绿色发展

Abstract: China's energy conservation and emission reduction efficiency has significant regional heterogeneity. Accurately identifying the influencing factors and extent of energy conservation and emission reduction efficiency in different regions is an important prerequisite for improving China's energy conservation and emission reduction efficiency. By constructing a regional energy saving and emission reduction indicator system from the perspective of green development, based on the research methods of super-efficiency DEA and Tobit, and China's provincial panel data from 2008 to 2018, the energy saving and emission reduction efficiency of 30 provinces is measured, and the green development perspective is empirically studied. The results show that there are large differences in the efficiency of energy conservation and emission reduction in China. The efficiency levels of energy conservation and emission reduction in the eastern, central and western regions display a descending order, and the differences in energy conservation and emission reduction efficiency between regions are converging, that is, this difference tends increasing insignificant. Industrial structure, degree of opening to the outside world, and per capita energy consumption at the level of 1% significantly improve energy conservation and emission reduction efficiency. Relying on FDI alone cannot improve China's energy conservation and emission reduction efficiency, and energy conservation and emission reduction can only be promoted on the basis of improving the industrial structure efficiency improvement. Market-driven industrial restructuring in the eastern region can effectively promote energy conservation and emission reduction efficiency. Speeding up the implementation of energy conservation and emission reduction policies in the western region and the implementation of the concept of green development are of great significance to improving my country's overall energy conservation and emission reduction efficiency.

Key words: energy saving and emission reduction efficiency, technical progress, industrial structure, green development