管理评论 ›› 2020, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 11-21.

• 热点研究领域 • 上一篇    

新冠肺炎疫情对民营经济高质量发展的影响及对策研究

王艳   

  1. 广东外语外贸大学会计学院, 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-11-07
  • 作者简介:王艳,广东外语外贸大学会计学院教授,博士。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金一般项目(16BGL058)。

Impact of COVID-19 Pneumonia Epidemic on High-quality Development of Private Economy and Countermeasures

Wang Yan   

  1. School of Accounting, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510006
  • Received:2020-03-25 Published:2020-11-07

摘要: 2020年新冠肺炎疫情的全球爆发对我国民营经济高质量发展产生了巨大冲击。本文首先基于已经公布的新冠肺炎疫情问卷调查数据,分析发现疫情会使中小民营制造业企业面临前所未有的生存压力,其次通过对比2003年SARS非典疫情后民营制造业的发展路径,对新冠肺炎疫情后民营企业的发展态势做出预判:随着新冠肺炎疫情逐渐得到控制,宏观经济主要矛盾正在从供给和需求双双受到较大冲击转化为总需求不足,总需求不足会抑制制造业复苏,高度不确定的外部环境可能通过贸易渠道进一步扩大疫情对制造业企业的负面冲击。最后就新冠肺炎疫情后期民营经济的高质量发展,本文提出了如下政策建议:完善国家公共卫生安全体系并提高应对突发重大公共卫生事件的能力和水平,通过调整存量经济结构和优化增量经济布局促进民营经济高质量发展,支持和引导民营企业化危为机并充分融入完整工业体系建设中,加大对中小微企业的定向支持力度并完善中小微企业纾困评估机制,借助保险功能防范化解风险并促使保险机构更多地参与民营企业的风险管理和公司治理。

关键词: 新冠肺炎疫情, 民营经济, 高质量发展, 影响分析

Abstract: The global outbreak of the COVID-19 pneumonia epidemic in 2020 has had a huge impact on the high-quality development of private economy in China. Based on the data of the questionnaire survey on the COVID-19 pneumonia epidemic, this paper finds that the epidemic will expose small and medium-sized private manufacturing enterprises to unprecedented survival pressure. By comparing the development path of the private manufacturing industry after the SARS in 2003, this paper makes a pre-judgment on the development of the private enterprises after the COVID-19 pneumonia epidemic:As the COVID-19 pneumonia epidemic is gradually brought under control, the macroeconomic crux is changing from large impact on both supply and demand to insufficient aggregate demand, which will inhibit the recovery of the manufacturing industry. The highly uncertain external environment may further expand the negative impact of the epidemic on manufacturing companies through trade channels. Regarding the high-quality development of the private economy after the COVID-19 pneumonia epidemic, this paper puts forwards the following policy recommendations:(1) Improving the national health and public safety system, and the ability to respond to major public health emergencies. (2) Promoting high-quality development of private economy by adjusting stock economic structure and optimizing incremental economic layout. (3) Supporting and guiding private enterprises to turn crises into opportunities and fully integrate them into the construction of complete industrial system. (4) Increasing the targeted support to small and medium-sized enterprises, and improving the assessment mechanism for small and medium-sized enterprises. (5) Using insurance to resolve risks, and encouraging insurance institutions to participate more risk management and corporate governance of private enterprise.

Key words: COVID-19 pneumonia epidemic, private economy, high-quality development, impact analysis