管理评论 ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 94-105.

• 数字治理与数字创新 • 上一篇    

新兴产业的政府数字治理研究——以新能源汽车国家监测与管理平台为例

马符讯1, 张照生2   

  1. 1. 武汉大学董辅礽经济社会发展研究院, 武汉 430072;
    2. 北京理工大学机械与车辆学院, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-21 发布日期:2022-01-12
  • 通讯作者: 马符讯(通讯作者),武汉大学董辅礽经济社会发展研究院博士研究生。
  • 作者简介:张照生,北京理工大学机械与车辆学院副教授,硕士生导师,博士。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划资助项目(2019YFB1600800)。

The Government Digital Governance in Emerging Industry——A Case Study of National Monitoring and Management Platform for New Energy Vehicles

Ma Fuxun1, Zhang Zhaosheng2   

  1. 1. Dong Fureng Economic & Social Development School of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    2. School of Mechanical Engineering of Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2020-08-21 Published:2022-01-12

摘要: 新兴产业在中国的迅猛发展,不可避免带来治理难题。数字技术广泛和深化的应用,正在改造和提升传统的政府治理模式,为新兴产业的政府数字治理提供了条件。本文以中国新能源汽车产业为背景,以新能源汽车国家监测与管理平台为研究案例,总结提炼新能源汽车国家监测与管理平台在事前预防阶段、事中控制阶段和事后检查阶段起到的主要作用。在此基础上,本文对新兴产业的政府数字治理进行情境识别和机制分析。研究发现:(1)识别了支持型治理理念、有序的治理关系和科学的治理工具构成的政府数字治理有效性的情境框架。受到宏观层面的制度环境、中观层面的组织场域和微观层面的交易安排等外力作用,以及治理理念、治理关系和治理工具之间相互作用内生关系的影响,形成了新兴产业的政府数字治理情境演化模型。(2)情境因素会提升新兴产业政府数字治理的有效性,支持型治理理念促使形成政策体系,实现安全发展,牢牢守住底线|有序的治理关系进一步加强组织保障,实现多方共赢,做到即知即改|科学的治理工具降低信息不对称性,构建全生命周期服务生态。三者共同促成数字治理有效。本文围绕新兴产业的治理问题,分析了政府数字治理有效性的情境因素和作用机制,为新兴产业的政府数字治理提供了一个可供参考的分析框架。

关键词: 新兴产业, 政府数字治理, 敏捷治理, 作用机制

Abstract: With the rapid development of emerging industries in China, a range of new governance problems appear. Digital technology is rapidly and deeply applied to reform and promote the traditional government governance pattern, which facilitates the application of government digital governance in emerging industries. Based on the background of new energy vehicle industry in China, the main functions of the national monitoring and management platform of new energy vehicles are comprehensively demonstrated in this paper in term of preserving, controlling and inspecting in events. Meanwhile, the situation and mechanism of government digital governance in emerging industries are analyzed. The results show that:(1) The situational framework of government digital governance has been constructed, including supportive governance concept, well-organized governance relationship and scientific governance tools. The situation optimization model is also formed under the influence of the exogenous factors, such as the institutional environment at the macro level, the organizational field at the meso level and the transaction arrangement at the micro level, and the endogenous factors, such as governance concept, governance relationship, governance tools and the interrelationships of them. (2) The situation can enhance the effectiveness of government digital governance in emerging industries. The supportive governance concept promotes policy system, holding the bottom line and achieving safe development. The well-organized governance relationship promotes organizational system, gets problems solved as soon as they are found and leads to win-win results for all parties. The scientific governance tools reduces information asymmetry and builds a full life cycle service ecosystem. In summary, this paper analyzes the situation and the mechanism of the effectiveness of government digital governance and provides an analytical framework for the government digital governance in emerging industries.

Key words: emerging industry, government digital governance, agile governance, mechanism