管理评论 ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 54-67.

• 经济与金融管理 • 上一篇    

港口发展对经济开放的空间溢出效应研究——基于两区制空间Durbin模型的实证分析

刁姝杰1, 匡海波1, 李泽2, 骆嘉琪1   

  1. 1. 大连海事大学综合交通运输协同创新中心, 大连 116026;
    2. 大连海事大学航海学院, 大连 116026
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-30 发布日期:2021-02-03
  • 通讯作者: 匡海波(通讯作者),大连海事大学综合交通运输协同创新中心教授,博士生导师,博士
  • 作者简介:刁姝杰,大连海事大学综合交通运输协同创新中心博士研究生;李泽,大连海事大学航海学院本科生;骆嘉琪,大连海事大学综合交通运输协同创新中心讲师,硕士生导师,博士。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71831002;71672016);科技部国家重点研发计划专项(2019YFB1600400);教育部长江学者和创新团队发展计划资助项目(IRT_17R13);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(3132020501;3132019325;3132019326)。

The Spatial Spillover Effect of Port Development on Economic Openness: Research Based on Two-Regime Spatial Durbin Model

Diao Shujie1, Kuang Haibo1, Li Ze2, Luo Jiaqi1   

  1. 1. Collaborative Innovation Center for Transport Studies, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026;
    2. Navigation College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026
  • Received:2017-10-30 Published:2021-02-03

摘要: 港口是对外开放的前沿阵地,对区域经济具有辐射带动作用。本文以环渤海三省一市为研究对象,通过G1-熵权法选取开放基础与开放程度两方面八项指标,评价43个城市的经济开放水平;通过空间相关性检验证实城市经济开放的空间依赖性与异质性;通过单区制空间Durbin模型考察港口发展对经济开放的直接关联与溢出效应;运用两区制空间Durbin模型探讨经济开放的溢出梯度与作用机制。本文的创新与特色有:一是分析港口发展对城市经济开放的直接与间接影响,丰富港城经济关系研究;二是分析环渤海城市间经济开放的空间相关性与溢出机制,弥补将研究对象孤立化的不足;三是运用两区制模型区分经济开放的不同溢出路径,探讨不同区制下城市经济开放溢出的差异。研究表明:城市经济开放受到本地港口与周边港口发展的双重影响,城市间经济开放具有显著的空间溢出效应。环渤海三省一市经济开放整体的溢出属于“互惠互利型”,其中辽宁城市群为“独立发展型”,河北-天津城市群属于“遇强则弱,遇弱则强型”,山东城市群为“强者示范型”。

关键词: 港口发展, 经济开放, 空间溢出, 两区制空间Durbin模型

Abstract: As crucial gateways to global market, ports play a radiating and exemplary role in regional growth. This paper explores the spatial effects of port development on regional economic openness for a sample of 43 cities located in Bohai Rim region. We measure the opening level of cities through 8 indicators via G1-Entropy method from the perspective of economic base and the degree of opening, then use spatial correlation test to demonstrate spatial dependence and heterogeneity among cities. Based on the above result, we utilize one-regime spatial Durbin model to investigate the direct and indirect effect of port development on economic openness and two-regime spatial Durbin model to take the gradient of openness spillover into consideration. This paper is featured with three innovative points:Firstly, the analysis of spatial spillover effect of port development on economic openness enriches the current port-city relation research; secondly, the discussion of spatial dependence and spillover overcomes the disadvantage of isolating the research object geographically; thirdly, the application of two-regime spatial Durbin model explains the difference of spillover effect. Results suggest that economic openness is influenced by both local and neighboring ports. Furthermore, the spatial spillover effects are significant among 43 cities. We also find that the overall openness spillover effect of Bohai Rim falls into the mutual benefit development type while Liaoning province belongs to independency type, and role model type for Shandong province. Hebei-Tianjin subgroup falls into the type featured by being the weak when encountering the strong, and being the strong when encountering the weak.

Key words: port development, economic openness, spatial spillover effect, two-regime spatial Durbin model