管理评论 ›› 2020, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 83-94.

• 经济与金融管理 • 上一篇    

东部资源型企业与西部资源富集地系统耦合研究

李存芳1,2, 王梅玲1,2, 张晓旭3, 杜沈悦1,2, 张博1,2   

  1. 1. 江苏师范大学商学院, 徐州 221116;
    2. 江苏师范大学产业经济与企业组织研究中心, 徐州 221116;
    3. 江苏省徐州财经高等职业技术学校, 徐州 221008
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-11 发布日期:2020-11-07
  • 作者简介:李存芳,江苏师范大学商学院教授,博士生导师,博士;王梅玲,江苏师范大学商学院讲师,博士;张晓旭,江苏省徐州财经高等职业技术学校助教,硕士;杜沈悦,江苏师范大学商学院硕士研究生;张博,江苏师范大学商学院硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(72074102;71573110);江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目(KYCX20-2393)。

System Coupling Study between East Resources-based Enterprises and West Resource-rich Land

Li Cunfang1,2, Wang Meiling1,2, Zhang Xiaoxu3, Du Shenyue1,2, Zhang Bo1,2   

  1. 1. Business School, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116;
    2. Center for Industrial Economy and Enterprise Organization, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116;
    3. Xuzhou Financial Higher Vocational and Technical School in Jiangsu Province, Xuzhou 221008
  • Received:2017-10-11 Published:2020-11-07

摘要: 针对我国东部资源型企业与西部资源富集地的系统耦合问题,采取系统工程学和协同学的思想,深度分析双方的优势要素耦合关系,构建系统耦合度模型和判别准则,选取徐州矿务集团和天能徐州煤电集团分别与新疆维吾尔自治区、贵州省、青海省、陕西省2005—2014年的相关指标数据样本,运用主成分分析、灰色斜率关联分析等方法进行实证检验。研究表明:(1)东部资源型企业与西部资源富集地双方优势要素的耦合正是东部资源型企业跨区转移行为的本质。(2)东部资源型企业跨区转移行为的实现取决于东部资源型企业与西部资源富集地双方优势要素的耦合度。(3)东部资源型企业与西部资源富集地双方优势要素耦合度的高低可以作为企业跨区转移目标地选择的科学依据。徐州矿务集团、天能徐州煤电集团与新疆维吾尔自治区的系统耦合度分别高于其与贵州省、青海省、陕西省的系统耦合度,可以优先选择向新疆维吾尔自治区转移。(4)东部资源型企业与西部资源富集地双方均应高度重视自身条件短板的补足,以提高系统耦合度,强化企业跨区转移行为的驱动力。研究结论可为调控资源型企业跨区转移行为和促进区域创新协调发展的相关政策制定提供理论依据和实践支持。

关键词: 资源型企业, 西部资源富集地, 优势要素, 耦合关系, 系统耦合度

Abstract: According to the system coupling between east resources-based enterprises and west resource-rich land, this paper analyses coupling relationship of both sides advantage factors in depth, establishes system coupling model and judge principles on the basis of system engineer and synergy science. The paper also studies the data of Xuzhou Mining Group, Day Xuzhou Coal and Electricity Group, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Guizhou Province, Qinghai Province, Shanxi Province from 2005 to 2014 that are selected to do empirical test by principal component analysis and gray slope correlation analysis. The research reaches the following conclusion. First, the coupling between east resources-based enterprises and west resource-rich land is the essence of cross-regional transfer behavior in resource-based enterprises. Second, the realization of cross-regional transfer behavior in east resources-based enterprises depends on the degree of coupling between the east resources-based enterprises and west resource-rich land. Third, the level of coupling degree in east resources-based enterprises and west resource-rich land can be used as a scientific basis for choosing the trans-regional transfer destination. The coupling degree between Xuzhou Mining Group, Day Xuzhou Coal and Electricity Group and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is higher than that between them and Guizhou Province, Qinghai Province, Shanxi Province, so transferring to Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region can be preferentially selected. Fourth, both resources-based enterprises and west resource-rich land should attach great importance to overcoming their own shortcomings in order to further improve the system coupling and strengthen the driving force of cross-regional transfer behavior. The conclusions can provide theoretical basis and practical support for regulating the cross-regional transfer behavior of resource-based enterprises and promoting the coordinated development of regional innovation.

Key words: resources-based enterprises, west resource-rich land, advantage factors, coupling relationship, system coupling factor