管理评论 ›› 2020, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 293-306.

• 应急管理 • 上一篇    

基于嵌套循环结构的分形应急组织构建研究

俎富豪1,2, 赵秋红1,2, 邓修权1,2, 郗蒙浩3   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学经济管理学院, 北京 100191;
    2. 城市安全运行与应急保障北京市国际科技合作基地, 北京 100191;
    3. 防灾科技学院应急管理学院, 廊坊 065201
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-09 发布日期:2020-11-07
  • 通讯作者: 郗蒙浩(通讯作者),防灾科技学院应急管理学院教授,博士。
  • 作者简介:俎富豪,北京航空航天大学经济管理学院硕士研究生;赵秋红,北京航空航天大学经济管理学院教授,博士生导师,博士;邓修权,北京航空航天大学经济管理学院副教授,博士生导师,博士
  • 基金资助:
    中国地震局教师科研基金项目(20140106);工业与信息化部海上应急处置决策支持研究项目(23100002017105008)。

Research on Fractal Emergency Organization Reconstruction Based on Nested Loop Structure

Zu Fuhao1,2, Zhao Qiuhong1,2, Deng Xiuquan1,2, Xi Menghao3   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191;
    2. International Technological Cooperation Base for City Safety Operation and Emergency Rescue, Beijing 100191;
    3. School of Emergency Management, Institute of Disaster Prevention, Langfang 065201
  • Received:2020-06-09 Published:2020-11-07

摘要: 针对突发事件的高效应对,本文基于分形系统特征与高效应急组织需求的相似性,构建了一种嵌套循环结构的分形应急组织,设计了其响应及动态重构的流程。该组织由分形应急单元依托层级间授权-执行关系、同层间协同-合作关系形成。通过这种授权-执行与协同-合作关系,分形应急组织内部权责清晰,应急任务由被授权的分形应急单元自组织响应,能够有效减少突发事件应对中的信息损失,提高决策效率,增强灵活性。将该模型应用到中国抗击新冠肺炎疫情的方案优化中,验证了其可行性和合理性。

关键词: 分形应急, 突发事件应对, 嵌套循环, 分形应急组织, 案例分析

Abstract: This paper focuses on the efficient response to emergencies. Based on the similarity between fractal system and emergency organization, this paper constructs a new type of nested loop fractal emergency organization structure and designs the response and rebuild process for it. The structure consists of fractal emergency units, which build an inter-level relationship of authorization-execution, and a relationship of collaboration-cooperation in the same level. Based on the two kinds of relationships, the fractal emergency units in this structure have clear responsibilities and powers, and the information flow among them is more accurate. The information loss during emergency response can also be effectively reduced by units' self-organization and authorization, which will improve decision-making efficiency and increase flexibility. The emergency organization structure is applied to the response to COVID-19 in China, which verifies the rationality and feasibility of it.

Key words: fractal emergency, emergency response, nested loop, fractal emergency organization, case study