管理评论 ›› 2020, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 106-119.

• 技术与创新管理 • 上一篇    

研发国际化和母公司创新绩效:文献评述和未来研究展望

李梅1, 余天骄2   

  1. 1. 武汉大学经济与管理学院, 武汉 430072;
    2. 北京大学光华管理学院, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-12 发布日期:2020-11-07
  • 作者简介:李梅,武汉大学经济与管理学院教授,博士生导师,博士;余天骄,北京大学光华管理学院博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(71672133);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(13YJA790049)。

R&D Internationalization and Parent Firm Innovation Performance: A Literature Review and Future Research Prospects

Li Mei1, Yu Tianjiao2   

  1. 1. Economics and Management School, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    2. Guanghua School of Management, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2017-10-12 Published:2020-11-07

摘要: 研发国际化与母公司创新绩效提升是国际企业管理领域的一个重点研究议题。本文总结了两者关系的相关研究成果,包括正相关、负相关、非线性相关(倒U型、U型、S型)及无相关关系。并在此基础上探讨了研发国际化对母公司创新绩效影响效应的差异来源:(1)主关系模型中关键解释变量(研发国际化)与被解释变量(创新绩效)的测量指标体系;(2)主效应差异源:即样本选择和阶段依赖等能反映在主效应模型的差异来源;(3)调节效应差异源:即影响跨国企业研发国际化的创新绩效的各调节因素差异源,包括母公司的海外扩张经验、互补性能力、技术多样性、组织冗余、政治资源,海外研发子公司的类型和吸收能力,企业跨国研发网络的联盟伙伴类型、研发网络间联系、研发网络效率和网络位置,以及东道国技术发展水平、制度环境等因素。最后,构建了基于调节作用机制和中介作用机制的研发国际化和母公司创新绩效关系的综合研究框架,并对研发国际化与母公司创新绩效的未来议题进行展望,为后续研究提供了重要的研究思路和参考。

关键词: 研发国际化, 创新绩效, 主效应, 调节效应

Abstract: R&D internationalization and parent firm innovation performance improvement is an important issue of transnational management. Based on existing researches, this paper reviews various arguments about this issue:the relationship between R&D internationalization and firm innovation performance are positively correlative, negatively correlative, non-linearly correlative (inverted U-shaped relationship, U-shaped relationship, S-shaped relationship) or non-correlative. Based on this, we put forward three sources of different relations between R&D internationalization and innovation performance:first, the definition and measurement of key independent variable (R&D internationalization) and dependent variable (innovation performance) introduced in the main model; second, the sources of differences reflected in the main effect model, including research sample choice and R&D internationalization phases; third, the moderate factors that influence the relationship between R&D internationalization and innovation performance, including parent firms' international expanding experience, complementary capability, technology diversity, organizational slack and political resources; subsidiaries' type and absorptive capacity, characteristics of firms' international R&D network, such as R&D alliance partners type, linkages among alliance partners, R&D network efficiency and the position at the R&D network; and host country factors, such as the technical resources endowment and institutions. Based on the literature review, this paper establishes an eclectic theoretical and empirical research framework including both moderating and mediating mechanism on R&D internationalization and innovation performance. Finally, future directions of research on R&D internationalization and innovation performance are presented, which will provide important basis for subsequent researches.

Key words: R&D internationalization, innovation performance, main effects, moderating effects